An Interview With Author Khanh Ha On His Heritage In War-Torn Vietnam

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Modern Vietnam

Modern Vietnam

The era that surrounds the Vietnam War changed America dramatically. The deception that was exposed to the American people made us distrustful of our own government, including President Nixon and leading Generals. We learned that the reality of the war was far from what the Nixon Administration was saying, and events like the Kent State Shootings and the humiliation of the Tet Offensive put a rift between leaders & the American people.

40 years ago this week the capital of South Vietnam, Saigon, fell to the North Vietnamese. The American troops had withdrawn after the Paris Peace Accords in 1973, leaving the South Vietnamese to defend themselves. South Vietnam, after nearly a decade of conflict, had fallen to the Communists in a matter of weeks.

My friend Khanh Ha, author of 2 beautiful novels I have reviewed, found his heritage in Vietnam during the war. He gives us a rare insight into the war from the Vietnamese perspective, and he discusses the scars the war left upon his birthplace. His compassion for his people is evident and abundant, and he reminds us that atrocities like what the Communists did to Vietnam still happen today. He is a voice for empathy, and I am truly honored to now give you my interview with Khanh Ha.

Nassem: Hello Khanh, and welcome back to Seize The Moment. How are you?

Khanh: I’m fine, and thank you, Nassem, for having me back on your blog.

Nassem: Today I would love to discuss your heritage in a nation that greatly changed ours, but many of us do not know much about. Could you give us a broad introduction into the expansive history of Vietnam?

Khanh: The birth of our nation began 4000 years ago under the name Văn Lang, which was geographically North Vietnam today. The nation then became Âu Việt as a result of the annexation following a war among tribes. The nation was then subjugated by the Chinese for several centuries until it regained its freedom and autonomy under a new name: Vạn Xuân. It fell to Chinese dominion again for three centuries before it finally gained its permanent independence under the name Đại Cồ Việt. During this new era, the nation defeated the Mongols three times, first in 1258, then in 1285, and finally in 1287. It fought off the Ming invasion two centuries later and the nation’s name was changed to Đại Việt. Civil wars raged for over two hundred years until the nation was unified under emperor Quang Trung’s reign. His chief enemy, Lord Nguyễn Ánh, sought military aid from the French, which eventually led to his victory and established the Nguyễn dynasty that lasted from 1802 to 1945. However, the French began encroaching on the nation’s autonomy in 1858 and conquered it in 1884. The Vietnamese resistance, still infantile at the turn of the 20th century, gradually became a force to be reckoned with in the 1930s under the name Viet Minh, led by Hồ Chí Minh. The Viet Minh defeated the French at Đien Bien Phu in 1954, forcing the negotiation in Geneva which led to the division of Vietnam at the 17th Parallel: north of the parallel was North Vietnam and south of the parallel South Vietnam. Backed by the communist Chinese and Russians, the North Vietnamese communists began infiltrating South Vietnam in 1958. The American-backed South Vietnam fought North Vietnam for over a decade in what was known as the Vietnam War. In 1975, North Vietnamese communists won and the nation is called Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

Nassem: With this background established, I would like to discuss more recent Vietnamese history. The French were in control in Vietnam from 1945 to 1954, and I have heard that cities in Vietnam look somewhat like “smaller versions of Paris.” In Hue, where you grew up, is this statement true? 

Khanh: No. French influence was most evident in Tonkin (North Vietnam) and Cochinchina (South Vietnam). Annam (Hue), Laos and Cambodia did not fall directly under French influence. Cochinchina, or La colonie de Cochinchine, was southern Vietnam whose capital was Saigon. Here the vestige of French culture still stands over the years: the colonial architectural buildings and residential quarters, the tree-lined streets and avenues of old Saigon built by the French over a century ago.

Tu Duc Mausoleum

Tu Duc Mausoleum

Nassem: Staying on the topic of Hue before the Vietnam War, what was city life like before the war? I understand that many other conflicts had caused much destruction, but could Hue have been considered metropolitan prior to the Vietnam War? 

Khanh: Hue was the ancient capital of Vietnam before the Geneva Accords which divided Vietnam into North and South Vietnam in 1954.

I admire the U.S.’s democracy. But unlike many immigrants who try to forget their past, I carry with me the image of my country. That image is Huế, where my placenta was buried. There is a Vietnamese proverb: Quê mẹ là nơi chôn nhau cắt rốn. The Motherland is where we bury our placenta and sever our umbilical cord. It begins with the cultural intellect of a city known for its moss-stained citadel, the imperial tombs nestled in the pine forest, temples and pagodas tucked away at the foot of gentle hills by a quiet stream. Its damp, foggy climate had left moisture damage on the ancient buildings, on old houses with moss-covered yin-yang roof tiles. Through Huế flows the Perfume River, clear and clean, and in the summer flame trees bloom scarlet along its banks. All the streets were narrow, shaded with ancient trees, sometimes white with frangipani blossoms, sometimes pink with cassia. As a youngster, I lived in the Huế’s mysterious atmosphere, half real, half magic. I used to walk home under the shade of the Indian almond trees, the poon trees. The nuts of the Indian almond trees tasted rich and fat like almonds, the nuts of the poon trees were polished and used in the marble games. At the base of these ancient trees I would pass a shrine. If I went with my grandmother, she would push my head down. “Don’t stare at it,” she said. “That’s disrespect to the genies.”

It is the old capital of the Nguyễn dynasty. It is my birthplace.

Nassem: Moving into the beginning stages of the war now, the struggle between the Communists and the Diem government was reaching fever pitch. Where did your family pledge its loyalty, and where did many others put theirs? In a similar vein, as a child, did you understand the full ramifications at stake in this face-off?

Khanh: My father was the chairman of a major political party in South Vietnam. He was anti-dictatorial and anti-communist. Because of his political stance, he was imprisoned by the Diem government. After the military coup d’etat in 1963, which saw Diem and his brother killed, my father was set free. He took office with the military junta as the minister of the interior, but he resigned shortly after because of irreconcilable issues with the Nguyễn Khánh junta government. As a child, I understood only one thing: have faith in your parents. My father was anti-Diem, and he was a resistance leader. His party, Đại Việt, was pledged to the restoration of national prestige and the unifications of the two nations. When he became a political prisoner, our family was exiled to Huế, where we lived with our grandmother until the coup d’etat in 1963, when we were reunited with our father again.

Nassem: President Ngo Dinh Diem was proven to be an autocratic and brutal leader, and the Communists were worse. How did many of the common people in Vietnam, those just looking to make a life for themselves, decide what side to support? Did many not support any side at all?

Khanh: Those who were caught between a rock and a hard place had to live through the dilemma. There were no better sides to side with. But the Vietnamese people are known for being markedly resilient, attested by their incredible endurance against adversity. Newspapers in South Vietnam were censored during the Diem regime, and again censored through the first Republic of Vietnam under Nguyễn Văn Thiệu regime. At the same time, people lived in fear against the communist terrorism much like ISIS violence against the innocents in today’s world.

Nassem: In the Vietnam War, Hue was found to be a vulnerable location as it rested on the border between the North and South. During the Tet Offensive in 1968, Hue was practically destroyed. Could you expand on what you remember of the destruction, as you were there as this all happened? Also, if it is not too horrific to talk about, would you talk us through what the Communist massacre of innocents in Hue did to the spirit of the citizens in the city?

Khanh: At Mỹ Lai the American soldiers murdered the Vietnamese civilians; but during Tết in Huế, the VC massacred the Vietnamese—their own people. Here you heard only of Mỹ Lai. The American public was more interested in a war crime committed by one American infantry platoon than in the Huế massacre.

My father wasn’t home with us. The VC executed people like him. My mother kept the joss sticks burning on the altar every day and thanked the Buddha for sparing my father’s life.
The VC came into Huế with the names of those they wanted to kill. Few were spared. They executed government officials, political party officials, block leaders, intellectuals, teachers, even priests and monks. But they killed a lot of people out of personal hate and vendetta.

Every night we heard gunshots. Much later we found out that those were fired by the communists during their execution, and the playground of our high school was used as a mass grave. After the VC withdrew from Huế, graves were identified, and folks came to dig for bodies. The odor from the rotten bodies hung for days over the neighborhood. Smelled like dead rats but with a fish stench. My mother burned incense in the house to kill that odor. Like many people who lived inside the Citadel, we had fled, seeking refuge somewhere else.

When we came back to our house inside the Citadel, one side of the house had caved in. It must have been hit by artillery shells or helicopter gunships. Ammunition shells were all over the yard. Do you know what I saw on one side of our chest of drawers? An inscription: Miami, FLA. Mom, Dad, and apple pie. The American troops had  boarded down in our house during the house-to-house combat against the VC.

They massacred at least a few thousand people. It took people months to search, to dig the mass graves. Mass graves in the schoolyards, in the parks of the inner city. Mass graves in the jungle creek beds, in the coastal salt flats. People shot to death, clubbed to death with pick handles, buried alive with elbows tied behind them. The communists said they executed only the reactionaries, those who worked for the South Vietnam government. But I saw many bodies of women and children. Shot in the head, bashed in the head. Did they deserve to die?

Evacuation from Hue

Evacuation from Hue

Nassem: As the war continued, necessities for many Vietnamese were not available. What kind of food, water, and other needed resources were restricted or non-existent in Hue during the war? 

Khanh: It wasn’t so. There were no food ration or food scarcity. The only common restriction of freedom of movement is the night curfew, which was enforced in major cities of South Vietnam.

Nassem: In the late 1960s into the early 1970s, the United States erupted in anti-war sentiment and activism against the Vietnam War, which led in the Paris Peace Accords in 1973. What actions occurred in Hue after these Accords were signed? Did communication systems exist still in Hue at this point to inform citizens of the end of American involvement? 

Khanh: Everything was normal until the fall of South Vietnam in 1975. However, the false lull after the peace accords could be felt by those who were politically savvy about the communist cunning. They knew it was only a matter of time before war would erupt again.

Nassem: By 1975 the North Vietnamese had reached Saigon and reunited the nation under Communism. I understand that you left Vietnam at this time, after spending the duration of the war in Vietnam. What were the circumstances around your evacuation and how did it happen?

Khanh: I watched the debacle of South Vietnam on TV in my dormitory room in the United States. My father had predicted such a collapse. I wished he was wrong, but when I saw that exodus in March of seventy-five, I felt sick in my stomach. My Huế people were leaving their beloved city for Ðà Nẵng. It seemed like an atomic bomb had been dropped on Huế. It looked that way to me. I cried as I watched thousands of refugees climbing the Hải Vân mountain pass. Cars, scooters, bicycles, even the xích lô. My parents decided to stay. People panicked after the Airborne pulled out of Huế. Then the real shock came when they saw American advisors start burning papers. The day the Americans closed up their offices in late March, people packed up and fled the city. It was a shame to see the first to flee Huế and Quảng Trị were government and military officers. They boarded commercial air flights, they chartered vehicles to carry their belongings. My father’s love for Huế could have cost him his life; he wanted to be with his family. I respect his decision. Every morning my father stood at the window and watched the flow of refugees. He told my younger sisters to study, though there were no schools. Then for days the city came under mortar attack. The family hid under the beds. My father never left the window. He kept watch. Then he saw more and more soldiers deserting in the exodus. ‘For twenty years we had fought the communists only to give up in a matter of days,’ he said to my mother, and then closed the window.

Nassem: As exciting and informative it has been to talk to you about your heritage in Vietnam, I would like to now give you a platform to talk about your new book The Demon Who Peddled Longing, which I have reviewed on this site. Please talk about the general description of the book and also where interested readers can learn more about the book.

Khanh: Set in post-war Vietnam, The Demon Who Peddled Longing tells the terrible journey of a nineteen-year-old boy in search of the two brothers who are drifters and who raped and killed the boy’s cousin. It begins with the boy badly hurt in a boat wreck. He finds himself on the Plain of Reeds in the Mekong Delta, being saved by a fisherwoman who drinks nothing but rice liquor and nurses him with her own milk and at night would take his sex and caress it like a holy object. When he decides to leave, the woman comes close to taking his life. He runs away. He travels south on the trail taken by the drifters who has raped and murdered his cousin, until he reaches a seaside town. One night he sees a girl coming down the road on a beautiful white horse. He has hardly breath while he stands in front of her. He knows he would never be the same again without knowing her. By chance the boy finds out who the girl is. The twenty-two-year-old girl, the untouched cherry, is married to an overlord triple her age and sexually impotent. Then there is the overlord, the most unforgiving master of his own vast holdings yet a victim of his illnesses, who wants the boy’s life for having laid his eyes on the master’s young wife. From this backdrop comes a story of the damned, the unfit, the brave, who succumb by their own doing to the call of fate.

If you are interested in reading more about the book, please go to my author website, From there you can visit my blog, Goodreads and Facebook pages. To order a copy of the book, go to Amazon or Barnes&Noble.

Nassem: Thank you so much Khanh for being so willing to discuss your upbringing in Vietnam and for sharing all of your knowledge. I look forward to having you back here! 

Khanh: Thank you, Nassem, for the interview, and it’s my pleasure to appear on your blog again.

Author Bio:

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Khanh Ha is the author of Flesh (2012, Black Heron Press) and The Demon Who Peddled Longing (2014,  Underground Voices). He is a five-time Pushcart nominee, a Best Indie Lit New England nominee, and the recipient of Greensboro Review’s 2014 Robert Watson Literary Prize in Fiction. His work, The Demon Who Peddled Longing, was honored by Shelf Unbound as a Notable Indie Book.

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Shadow Ritual: Fascinating Interview With The Authors

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Yesterday I reviewed Shadow Ritual by Éric Giacometti and Jacques Ravenne. Today, I have an interview with the authors:

 

 

How are you both? Thank you, gentlemen, for coming to my blog today.

 

1) Mr. Giacometti: I understand that you are a former journalist for Le Parisien newspaper. What kind of writing did you pursue while here? Also, Le Parisien found its roots in the French Underground during the German Occupation. Did your interest in this era, as evidenced by Shadow Ritual, get sparked in any way from this, or was that interest already there?

 

I was an investigative reporter and covered many topics, including corruption involving the Freemasons on the French Riviera. I discovered the dark side of the brotherhood. It resulted in a lot of heated discussions with Jacques. However, this unsavory side of freemasonry is confined to a limited number of brothers. 

 

Well before I started working for Le ParisienI also worked on Nazi spoliation under the Occupation in France, a dark page in the history of FranceIn the weekly Le Pointreported on the French Ministry of Finance’s archives on the subject.


As for Le Parisien, you are well informed! For a long time, thenewspaper was called the Parisien Libéré (litt: the liberated Parisian)It was born at the time of the liberation of France in 1944, from the rubble of a popular daily newspaper called Le Petit Parisien. Emilien Amaury, the owner and creator of the Parisien Libéréwas very close to General de Gaulle and shared his ideas. I have always been fascinated by that period. 

 

2) In Shadow Ritual, there is a lot of influence by Freemasons. Is this group still a major influence in the world?

 

Well, it all depends what influence and what freemasonry you are talking about. To clarify, there is no global freemasonry united under a great master who would draw the strings. There are various independent jurisdictions (Grand Lodges). Some even forbid their members from having any connection with members of other lodges. For examplethe French Masonic Grand Lodge (GNLF), recognized by the United Grand Lodge of England, does not allow their members to receive brothers from the Grand Orient of France (the largest organization in the country) in their temples nor to attend their ceremonies. There is a kind of undeclared war between many groups, both nationally and globally. There are reasons for these tensions. For instanceAmerican and British Freemasons accept a belief in God, whereas in the Grand Orient it is not compulsory, and secularism remains a fundamental principle. 


As for the supposed influence on politics and economics, there is no denying that in France some lodges welcome influential people. Networks do exist, but no more nor less than other networks that are sometimes much more powerful. There was a time when some jurisdictions exclusively recruited senior officials and business and financial leaders to inflate theirmembership and increase their power. But because of scandals disclosed by the press, especially about the French Riviera, some clean up took place

 

However, you can’t prevent many laymen from believing that Freemasons are pulling the strings of a major global conspiracy with the Illuminatiwho until proven otherwise no longer exist.

 

In our thrillers, we try not to fall into the trap of conspiracy theory. And for good reason: Antoine Marcas is a Freemason policemanproud of his ideal!

 

3) Your gift for seamlessly weaving history and thriller together to create a better novel is commendable. When did both of your interests in history begin, and what eras are you each most interested in?

 

Thank youWe have always been fascinated by history, be itofficial history from the textbooks or more obscure history woven into the texture of big eventsJacques has a passion forthe Middle Ages and the eighteenth century. It is not by chance that he wrote a novel on the life of the Marquis de Sade.

 

4) Your protagonist, Antoine Marcas, has been found unique in many ways, setting him apart from the average lead character. How did you develop this character, and does he embody any of your personal qualities?

 

As a Freemason, he believes in the values of freemasonry, butremains realistic on the organization and its by-productsHe does not fantasize about having access to higher knowledge through his initiation. He is cop, he’s divorced and has problems with his exwife. He lives in a realistic worldBut a world in which suddenly the veil is torn and another reality appears, one that is more esoteric and strange. He goes through what poet Gérard de Nerval used to call the doors of “horn and ivory.” 

 

Marcas is a product of our differencesEric had a not-so-positive view of Freemasonry, resulting from his investigations. And Jacques was tired of reading simplistic articles on thebrotherhood. Antoine Marcas is the ideal honest Freemason. In Shadow Ritual, he teams with Jade, secret service agent. She hates the brothers. Over the years, since this first book, Eric has become “Mason friendly, but he is still critical of certain practices.

 

Standard image of masonic square and compasses

 

5) On this blog, I have written articles on the rise of extremism in Europe, specifically in FranceShadow Ritual features this extremism, and I understand that you have both studied it throughout your career. How does this startling new trend connect back to the Nazi era, and why is this ideology resurfacing now? 

 

The political situation in Europe is concerning. There’s a rise of parties qualified as extremist or populist, from the extreme right, like the National Front in France, or on the opposite from the extreme left, like the anti-capitalist party Syriza in Greece. 

 

Reasons can be identified: increasing unemployment rate, latent economic crisis, rejection of political and media elite, growing rejection of uncontrolled globalization and of immigration, loss of national identity, and also distrust of European political structures. Add to this Islamic attacks, like on Charlie Hebdo in January 2015, and the latest discovery of an anti-Semitism rooted in some social groups of immigrants, and the result is a concerning mix

 

However, we need to be careful in our comparisons with Nazi and pre-Nazi eras. In Francebefore World War II, anti-Semitism and anti-Freemasonry were widespread within the population and the elite. This is no longer the case. Also, even if neoNazi groups do exist, as with the Golden Dawn in Greece, they remain very marginal and no right-wing populist party consider themselves to be part of them. Unlike in the United States, Nazi apology and the display of Nazi symbols are severely punished by law in France.

 

6) Shadow Ritual has a lot of historical influence in it, including the Nazi era in Europe and after. What kind of historical research did you pursue for the novel?

 

We read history books on this dark period. From this, we developed, for instance, the character of Le Guermand, a French SS officer. There were a few thousand like him in our country. Some defended Hitler’s bunker to the very end, in Spring 1945.For a long time, in France it was taboo to discuss the soldiers who fought in German uniform.

 

On the esoteric dimension of Nazism and the role of the Thule society, there are few reference works. It is still a rather unknown part of historyopen to all kinds of fantasies.

 

7) What other writings have you published? Are there any more titles featuring Detective MarcasHow can readers connect with you? 

 

In addition to the series with detective Antoine Marcas, which has ten books to date in French, Eric wrote a thriller about a public health scandala real story of killer pacemakers, as well as essays and an investigative book on pharmaceutical laboratories.

 

Jacques published his book on Sade and also research on the writer Paul Valery

 

Readers can contact us via Facebook or on our website. 

 

8) I have to ask this one question, one that doesn’t have much to do with the book: What is life like living in France? I am fascinated by different cultures and so I am curious as to your response compared to other French I have spoken with.

 

Eric:

I would say the answer varies according to whom you are talking to in France. For those who struggle to make ends meet, life is tough, even if the social system provides a minimum safety net. 

 

I have been living in Paris for 27 years. For me, France remains the country of good living and Paris is a wonderful city. Enjoying simple moments in life is part of a hedonistic view of life. To have a coffee on the terrace of my regular café in the 9th arrondissementto walk along the banks of the Seine with my wife, to work late into the night and gaze upon the Sacré-Cœur from my office, these are unrivaled pleasures. 

 

Shadow_Ritual view fron office

The View From Éric’s Office

 

Jacques lives on the Left Bank, in the Latin Quarter, near Saint-Germain-des-Prés. There you can hang around the Saint-Sulpicechurch and browse through the booksellers along the Seine. I realize these are all tourist clichés, but clichés are sometimes true. 

 

And France is packed with wonderful landscapes, magnificent castles, and beautiful villages. Yes, to live in this country brings happinesseven though the French are the most pessimistic people in Europe, because of the economic crisis and social problems (rise of extremism, loss of reference points, etc.). They are afraid of the future and tend to take refuge in the past. French society gets bogged down because of this lack of optimism. 

 

However, if you could get a message through, that would be very nice. I almost chokewith rage when I watched a report on FoxNewsThey lied about Paris and invented “nogo zones where non-Muslims would be prohibited, where Sharia law would be applied. In comparison, the Chicago of Al Capone would be a loving nursery. 

 

Yes, there are suburbs with problems, but to say that Paris has become cut throat, that’s pure nonsense. This report was passed on here by the media and millions of French were shocked. I live in one of those supposed “nogo zones, near Montmartre… I am even more upset because I am pro-American, in heart and mind. I love the United States so much that I even married (for real) in Las Vegas with my wife and… Jacques was my best man!

 

Thank you very much gentlemen for being on my blog today. I look forward to reading the next books in the series and maybe having you on again!

 

The Authors: Éric Giacometti & Jacques Ravenne:

Jacques Ravenne is a literary scholar who has also written a biography of the Marquis de Sade and edited his letters. He loves to explore the hidden side of major historical events.

 

Eric Giacometti was an investigative reporter
for a major French newspaper. He has covered a number of high-profile scandals 
and has done exhaustive research in the area of freemasonry.

About The Translator:

Anne Trager loves France so much she has lived there for 27 years and just can’t seem to leave. What keeps her there is a uniquely French mix of pleasure seeking and creativity. Well, that and the wine. In 2011, she woke up one morning and said, “I just can’t stand it anymore. There are way too many good books being written in France not reaching a broader audience.” That’s when she founded Le French Book to translate some of those books into English. The company’s motto is “If we love it, we translate it,” and Anne loves crime fiction, mysteries and detective novels.
 

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Buy the book | on Amazon  | Barnes & Noble  | Indiebound  | upcoming on Apple + Kobo

Interview With Author Judith Starkston Discussing Hand of Fire, The Trojan War, And Achilles’ True Nature

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I am very excited to share with you an interview I conducted with Judith Starkston, author of Hand of Fire. Starkston has a wealth of knowledge on ancient history to rival Homer himself, and I hope this interview is as enjoyable for you to read as it was for me to conduct.

Hello, Judith, and welcome to Seize the Moment! I am so happy you’re here, and I’m excited to talk about your new debut novel, Hand of Fire! How are you?

I’m great and very happy to join you on Seize the Moment. I’ve been a fan of your blog for a while.

Homer has been an inspiration to many historians and military writers for a very long time. He must have had an impact on you too, as Hand of Fire follows Briseis, Achilles’ love, during the Trojan War. When did you first read any of Homer’s work, and when did it first pique your interest in that time period?

When I was an undergraduate, I studied ancient Greek and read the Iliad with one of my favorite professors. The discussions we had in that class were so insightful and engaging that I ended up writing my undergraduate thesis on the Iliad. I’ve been hooked ever since.

Briseis is just very briefly mentioned in The Iliad. What kind of research did you conduct to create the multi-dimensional character that fills your novel? What would life have been like as a healing priestess like Briseis?

When I first thought of writing about Briseis, I imagined a strong-willed young woman because I couldn’t see a wet noodle standing up to a hero like Achilles, who is half-immortal and very conflicted and complicated. She had to have some major strength of character and a cultural background that supported that power. But I was afraid I might create an anachronistic woman. I assumed, based on what I knew about the later Classical Greek women, well after the Homeric period, that Briseis would have a similarly limited set of horizons.

Early on in my research into the Trojans and their allies (such as Briseis’s city of Lyrnessos), I had an amazing revelation that put Hand of Fire on its path. The Bronze Age civilization in the area which today is modern Turkey, where ancient Troy was located, gave certain women very high status and respect, both to rulers like princesses or queens and also to various priestesses.

The major political force in this region during the Bronze Age was the Hittite Empire. Troy and her allied cities were semi-independent kingdoms within the same cultural, religious and political traditions as the Hittites. This is important because extensive Hittite libraries of cuneiform clay tablets have been excavated and translated in the last couple of decades (which explains why I didn’t know about all this cool stuff in college or grad school, since I’m told I went to college during the Jurassic Age). From these translated libraries I found the raw material to build Briseis’s life. I should point out that the actual translations are very dry reading, but if you pluck all the juicy details out and put them into a compelling story, then you end up with a historically accurate world and a non-anachronistic but strong woman of the Late Bronze Age. Just what I needed! Briseis’s “jobs” as a healing priestess and princess came straight from these tablets. She would have enjoyed the deep respect of her community, have had a lot of say in what happened in her city, and she would have been involved with performing the town’s religious festivals and rites, curing illness, delivering babies, creating harmony between gods and men, and a few other small tasks like that!

While we are on the subject of research, how did you reconstruct the city of Troy and its surroundings? Are there very many texts that describe what life was like then that date to that period?

I’ve been to the archaeological site of Troy and studied it carefully. I’ve also wandered thru the area where traditionally the Greeks thought Lyrnessos must have been (it’s never been found). Being there in the setting allows me to include vivid descriptions based on the actual geography. I like my readers to feel like they are there. For example, there’s a beautiful waterfall on Mt Ida’s flanks and that became a setting in my novel. The archaeology at Troy during the last twenty years has established how the walls were built, the basic layout of the city and those kinds of details. For my more imaginary city of Lyrnessos, I studied a variety of excavated Bronze Age cities in the general area and found the common elements that would be present in a real Lyrnessos.

As far as texts, there are the Hittite libraries I mentioned above, although they focus mostly on the royal court and religious practices, so there are some areas that I’d love to know more about that they are silent on. I had to do the best I could with what archaeology reveals (and common sense). So, for example, a really thorough contemporary dig will include some DNA profiles revealing the organic substances present. I mine things like that to make delicious meals for my characters to eat. I pluck out the spices, grains, meats, etc. But trust me, this takes some messing around in the kitchen before something mouth watering goes on the page. DNA profiles by themselves are a good cure for insomnia! I’m giving out bookmarks at my book launch that have one of my favorite recipes that I worked out during this process, lamb with lentils and raisins.

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Briseis (left) And Phoenix. Credit Here.

You have portrayed Achilles as a man that, despite being half-God, still has many human flaws. Why did you take this route with the character, and did those flaws add another dimension to his romance with Briseis in actual history?

First off, let me remind the world that Achilles describes himself in Book 9 of the Iliad as a mother bird caring for her chicks (his fellow warriors are the chicks in this analogy). He may be the best of the killers in this war, but he also has a nurturing side. Or thinks he does, at least. That’s not a flaw, but it isn’t what people expect when they picture Achilles.

A long time ago when I was first working on an earlier version of this book, I took a fiction writing class and brought some passages for critique. One of the other students got so angry at me for portraying Achilles as a man of conscious who could be kind. He wanted his hero bloodthirsty and constantly killing. He thought I’d made a wimp and, boy, it made him mad.

I avoided that one-sided violent portrayal, despite the ire I’d inspired, for two reasons.

First, when I read the Iliad, I see a man with a subtle mind and a heart easily overwhelmed (someone who can describe himself as a mother bird). Think about his early childhood—which, by the way, I decided to accept as “true,” never mind that it involved immortals etc. I told the tale as Homer intended it—a kind of ancient magical realism. That’ll be a leap for modern audiences, but I think this style allows us to step into the ancient mind. First in Achilles’ infancy his goddess mother puts him in a magic fire that burns away most of his humanity in order to make him undying, but since his dad yanks him out, he’s still mortal. I think that makes for a very uncomfortable mix, a fragmentation of the soul. We think of God as a source of goodness, but the ancient Greek (and Hittite) gods were capricious and unpredictable. And they didn’t give a hoot about humanity except as a source to take things from. So being part immortal didn’t make Achilles moral, but quite the opposite. I think his redeeming part is his mortality. If you will die, then you value what little time you have. If you are immortal (in the Greek system anyway) you have no time pressure to value life. Continuing with Achilles’ childhood, his mother abandons him because she is so paralyzed by the idea that he will die one day that she can’t even enjoy the years she’s got with him. He gets raised by a Centaur (part horse, part man—another dual personality!) who teaches him two things, how to heal and how to fight. Another split in his soul. He’s fragmented and thus fragile—which is ironic because physically he’s invincible. No one can challenge him successfully in battle and he is definitely a merciless killer on the battlefield. But I think we’ve come to realize that such killing instincts don’t mean a man (or woman, quite relevant to this book) is devoid of moral sensibility once that frenzy passes. We humans have more layers than we like to feel. Achilles’ real flaw for Briseis is that he lets her down at a key moment. That comes from his fragmentation.

Finally, my second reason to ignore that early-on angry claim that I should make a one dimensional Achilles. No one finds a totally good or a totally bad hero interesting. Even our “superheroes” come with flaws. I think Homer knew this basic rule of good story telling, and I followed the same sound advice. While I did some extending and imagining, I don’t think my Achilles is different than Homer’s. But I’ll admit, there are still lots of people who read the Iliad and don’t see the same Achilles I do. That’s what makes it a great poem and I hope part of what makes Hand of Fire engaging.

What actual information is there on the city of Troy? Information like where was it located, when did it rise, and when did it disappear from history?

Ah, the mess that is Troy. What I mean is that of all the archaeological digs in the world, one of the most mistreated is Troy. It’s located on the western coast of what is now Turkey, right on the straits (the Hellespont or the Dardanelles depending on which age is naming the straits) which lead into the Black Sea, a very rich area for trade with the Mediterranean. Troy’s ruins were first dug in the 19th C by a romantic, incredibly rich German businessman named Schliemann. Most people thought Troy was a legend with no foundation in reality. He begged to differ. There were other, more archaeologically trained scholars who had identified possible locations for Troy. He bought the land out from under one of them and then assumed that what was Homeric would be at the bottom of the mound, so he dug a giant trench straight down and threw out the stuff above.
He couldn’t have been both more right and more wrong. It was indeed Troy that he had found. We owe him that. But he was wrong about where in that mound to find “Homer’s Troy,” that is a city that was destroyed somewhere roughly around 1250 BCE give or take a few hundred years and was grand enough to be worth a major Greek attack. It turns out Troy has 9 major layers with many sub-groupings within each of the layers. People started building on that site generations before the Bronze Age and the last layer is a Roman city and temple, which unfortunately carved off the top and erased for all time the citadel of the Bronze Age Troy. If I’m remembering my numbering correctly I think our current best guess as to which could have been a city described by Homer is layer VI. Fortunately, the last couple decades have been kind to Troy and first rate archaeology has uncovered many of its secrets. Guess where the one sample of writing from Troy was found? In Schliemann’s garbage pile.

What other time periods fascinate you like the Trojan era does? Are there any that you have thought to maybe set a story in?

I wrote a story set in the modern world and that was fun. Very handy not having to go read for several hours each time a character reaches for something and you need to know what that something looked like. I remember using chicken wire in the story and thinking, wow, why don’t I write more contemporary stories? I totally know how painful it is when chicken wire bounces back and stabs you. (The life of a writer is not something to envy—as you can see from my glee in understanding chicken wire.)

I thought I knew a lot about the Trojan era before I started. I discovered that I didn’t know enough to completely immerse a reader. So I got to work researching. I don’t know which period I’d also like to get to know that well, but I suspect I’ll move around eventually. For now, I’m going to stay here where I’ve learned the details.

Your career led you to teach high-school English, Latin, and humanities for over 2 decades. What do you find so fascinating about these subjects, and what advice do you have to someone interested in learning more about ancient historical time periods and people?

The commonality to those three subjects is that they all make a person think. I enjoyed showing high-school students what they could do with their brains. It also kept mine busy. Learning about ancient history is an enjoyable project if you love to read. I’d start with historical fiction—there are superb writers of Greece, Egypt, Babylon, Rome, etc. One of my favorite writers of non-fiction about the ancient world is Eric Cline. He gets how to write history and entertain at the same time. His latest, 1177 B.C. The Year Civilization Collapsed, about the simultaneous fall of all the great empires of the Late Bronze Age is a great read.

I have seen that you spent some time in Cyprus earlier this year. Are you planning to write something set on that Mediterranean island? What other works do you have planned?

You caught me. My husband and I spent time on Cyprus climbing over Bronze Age ruins, enjoying the crystal Aegean Sea and savoring a tradition of red wine making going back 5,000 years. I was testing out an idea that the sequel to Hand of Fire could move to Cyprus. After a lot of fascinating discussions with archaeologists working on Cyprus, it turns out to be a workable concept. Cyprus was the center of the copper trade in the Late Bronze Age. Tons of copper mines and a central location. Copper is the key ingredient of bronze—so clearly a major commodity in an age named after the stuff. This means that my metal-working savvy Briseis can make a new life in Cyprus and there is evidence of women taking on major roles in trade there. I don’t yet know how this will all work. My characters tend to boss me around once I get them going, so who knows. But I think we’ll be moving the crew to a new and gorgeous landscape that was a hot spot of the ancient world.

But first I need to finish my first historical mystery featuring the Hittite Queen Puduhepa as “sleuth.” She would be as famous as Cleopatra if she hadn’t been buried by the sands of time. Her seal is on the first extant peace treaty in history next to her foe, Pharaoh Ramses II. Now that she’s been dug out, I’ve taken her remarkable personality, which seems perfectly suited for solving mysteries, and I am writing a series. She ruled from her teens until she was at least eighty, so I think this series may outlast me.

Hand of Fire is a truly great novel, full of romance that makes it seem all too real. Where can people purchase a copy for themselves, and where can readers get in touch with you?

Amazon
Nook
My Website
Twitter
Facebook

Thank you so much for being here today, Judith! I look forward to seeing all your readers love Hand of Fire as much as I have!

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Judith Starkston: Author Biography~

Judith Starkston writes historical fiction and mysteries set in Troy and the Hittite Empire. Ms. Starkston is a classicist (B.A. University of California, Santa Cruz, M.A. Cornell University) who taught high school English, Latin and humanities. She and her husband have two grown children and live in Arizona with their golden retriever Socrates. Hand of Fire is her debut novel.

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An Interview With Author Stephanie Thornton On Egypt, Hatshepsut, And Today’s Powerful Women

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I am excited to share with you an interview I was able to do with historical fiction writer Stephanie Thornton. She is the author of The Secret History, and the recently released Daughter of The Gods.

Hello Stephanie, and welcome to Seize The Moment. It is my honor to have you here, and I can’t wait to start the interview! How are you?

I’m thrilled to be here, Nassem! Thanks so much for having me!

Ever since your debut, The Secret History, on one of my favorite historical figures, Theodora, published, I have been hooked on anything authored by you. Your newest book, Daughter of The Gods, was actually written before your debut novel. How much editing went into Daughter of The Gods before it was published? Did you find anything out after Daughter hit the store shelves in further research that you wish you could go back and add in?

Daughter of the Gods is completely unrecognizable from its earliest forms! (I know this because my first readers read it again last month and told me it’s a totally different book.) I feel like I’ve been researching ancient Egypt all my life (to say it’s an obsession is an understatement of colossal proportions) so fortunately, the only things I discovered that I wish I could have added were minor details, like the Egyptians twined together flax coated in sheep fat to make candles and descriptions of nifty alabaster perfume jars I saw at a traveling Egyptian exhibit last fall.

This interview, I promise, will focus on the protagonist of your newest novel, Hatshepsut, but I would like to ask a little about Theodora, the main character of your debut. What first brought her to your attention? I know I admire her for her rise from poverty to leadership, but why do you hold her in your respect?

I first discovered Theodora’s story while teaching world history. Most textbooks mention a Byzantine actress-turned-empress who saved her husband’s throne during the Nika riots, but the story is usually restricted to a single sentence or a caption under her famous mosaic portrait from Ravenna. I did some extra digging and learned about Theodora’s rough beginnings as the daughter of a bear trainer and also that those same Nika riots resulted in the deaths of 30,000 rebels. I realized I had an amazing story on my hands and as I did more research, I was truly gob-smacked both by all that Theodora accomplished in addition to the love she inspired in Justinian. Plus, she survived an outbreak of bubonic plague, which is just darn cool.

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Empress Theodora of Constantinople. Credit Here.

Egypt has had multiple female rulers, including the famous Nefertiti, and the uber-popular Cleopatra VII. Yet, Daughter of The Gods introduces a lesser-known pharaoh, Hatshepsut. When did you first learn of her, and all of her glory? What character traits do you most admire about this powerful woman?

I think Hatshepsut is lesser-known only because Egyptologists didn’t know about her for so many years. Her name was erased from the king lists and all images portraying her as pharaoh were hacked into oblivion, with the exception of a few that were difficult to reach (on the pinnacles of obelisks and whatnot). It wasn’t until fairly recently that they realized this was a case of ancient revisionist history and then they truly started to discover all she’d accomplished. The rebuilding of Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri also helped fill in the gaps, telling the tale of her supposedly divine birth and her expedition to Punt.

I first came across Hatshepsut during a junior high research assignment and the only information available in the encyclopedia (no internet then!) was that she had seized the throne from her stepson and all her monuments had been destroyed after her death. That stuck with me, because it was already apparent to me that this woman possessed the courage and daring to rule in a man’s world, and later research has proven that she did it better than most male pharaohs did!

Hatshepsut accomplished a lot in her life, as I learned from reading Daughter of The Gods. How do her achievements stack up compared to other successful pharaohs, like Ramses the Great, Nefertiti, and Cleopatra VII?

I’d say that of all those three, Hatshepsut and Ramses would be the closest tie, although Ramses might pull slightly to the lead when it came to his building projects, but only because he lived an extra forty-ish years longer than Hatshepsut! Both worked to strengthen Egypt’s territories and each was a master at propaganda, Ramses with the records of his extremely one-sided peace treaty at Kadesh and Hatshepsut with the story of her divine birth at Deir el-Bahri.

As for Nefertiti, the verdict is still out on her accomplishments considering that Egyptologists remain divided on whether she ruled after the death of her husband, Akhenaten. And don’t get me started on Cleopatra… She lost Egypt to the Romans!

Historians still argue amongst each other about if Hatshepsut and Senenmut were truly in love. What made you decide to go with a romantic relationship between the two in Daughter of The Gods? Is it frustrating to not have a solid answer on the question of their love for each other, or do you think it is how Hatshepsut would have wanted it?

I’m a hopeless romantic so there wasn’t much of a choice regarding the love story between Hatshepsut and Senenmut, plus I’m a big Senenmut fan! I suspect that Hatshepsut would have preferred the ambiguity regarding their relationship, simply for the fact that if there was any proof then it would have been easy for historians to pass off her accomplishments as a result of the “man behind the throne.” Each of them achieved amazing feats in their own right: Hatshepsut had her trade expeditions and building projects while Senenmut became one of the most titled man in Egyptian history in addition to building not one, but two impressive tombs for himself.

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Pharaoh Hatshepsut. Credit Here.

I know that, like myself, you are a big fan of the strong female leaders of today’s world, like Hillary Clinton. Of the female leaders in today’s world, who do you think would be most like Hatshepsut?

That’s a great question, Nassem! I’m not sure if there are any modern leaders whose story fully parallels that of Hatshepsut’s (I’ve always seen similarities between her and Elizabeth I), but I think Hatshepsut likely possessed some of the statesmanship displayed by Madeline Albright and Queen Noor of Jordan. However, neither of those women ever seized power from their stepsons to rule on their own!

You run a full life…teaching a high school history class, being an author, raising a daughter, and more. How do you balance it all, especially to be able to fit in your research + writing? Do you set a time to write, or do you just do it “as the wind blows?” What kinds of things do you like to dabble in during your free time?

What?! Where is this mysterious “free time” you speak of? LOL! On a more serious note, I write every night after my daughter is in bed and I’ve been writing like a madwoman since school got out. When I’m not teaching or writing you can probably find me doing yoga, running, traveling or… surprise… reading!

Now that you have published 2 books to your name, what is the experience like? Was it different the second time around? What is your favorite, and least favorite, aspect of it? To aspiring writers, what advice do you offer for getting a book published?

The experience has been very similar with the book signings and blog tours, but I was a little better prepared this time around because I knew what to expect and how to better manage my time. My favorite aspect is when readers contact me to let me know how much they learned about Hatshepsut (or Theodora). My least favorite aspect is probably just that I wish there was an extra hour in every day to get everything done! And for aspiring writers, I will always love Winston Churchill’s advice: “Never, never, never give up!”

I know it is a cliche question, but seriously, what authors influence your writing most? And a similar, but possibly different in answer, question: what authors do you like to read most?

I think every book can leave a lasting impression on a writer, be it good or bad, but I was inspired after reading Alice Hoffman’s The Dovekeepers to widen the scope of my upcoming novel, The Tiger Queens, to focus on four women in Genghis Khan’s life instead of just one. And when it comes to authors, I greedily gobble up anything written by Kate Quinn, Michelle Moran, Kate Furnivall, or Stephanie Dray!

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The Tiger Queens, To Come Fall 2014.

Your third book, The Tiger Queens, is going to hit the shelves November 4th. Could you tell us a bit about this exciting upcoming addition to your powerful women series, this time in Genghis Khan-era Mongolia? What makes it different from your previous titles?

The Tiger Queens is more of a sweeping family epic in that it covers the lives of four very different women, spans almost 80 years, and moves from Mongolia to China to Persia to Vienna and finally back to Mongolia. (Those Mongols were busy!) I’ve chosen to focus on Genghis’ first wife Borte, his wild-child daughter Alaqai, a Persian slave named Fatima, and Sorkhokhtani, Genghis’ daughter-by-marriage and Princess of the Hearth. It’s a pretty wild ride!

Finally, what social impact do you hope your books are able to accomplish? Do you ever consider the possibility that your books are in the hands of a future female leader, learning how to be independent from the historical characters you are writing about? Is this the true legacy of any author, if their prose affects the very soul of a reader?

My whole goal in both teaching history and writing about little-known historical women is to inspire readers to learn more about them. People often bemoan the lack of strong women in history, but they’re there if you know to look for them. And while I’m not sure if any future female presidents or prime ministers will read my books, I do love the idea of girls today learning from the stories of women like Hatshepsut, Theodora, or Sorkhokhtani. I know I certainly find their lives inspiring!

Thank you so much for being here today Stephanie! I appreciate your insightful answers, and it truly was an honor to interview you.

Thank you so much for having me, Nassem! It’s been an absolute treat!

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Stephanie Thornton-

Stephanie Thornton is a writer and history teacher who has been obsessed with infamous women from ancient history since she was twelve.

She lives with her husband and daughter in Alaska, where she is at work on her next novel.

The Secret History: A Novel of Empress Theodora is available from NAL/Penguin and Daughter of the Gods: A Novel of Ancient Egypt hit the shelves May 6, 2014.

The Tiger Queens: A Novel of Genghis Khan will publish in Fall 2014.

For more information, please visit Stephanie Thornton’s website. You can also find her on Facebook, Twitter and Goodreads.

Marek Tyszkiewicz: Values Established By Heritage

Marek Tyszkiewicz

Marek Tyszkiewicz

As the rain trickles down and taps my windowsill over and over, never seeming to end, I have a story for you. A tale that can come only out of the melting pot that is America; one that is so real it seems impossible. I first learned of this story through my extensive discussions with Ohio 2nd US Congressional Candidate Marek Tyszkiewicz.
As I heard about Marek’s parents, I felt happy and sad, joyful and devastated. All the disconnections, pain, loss, but also new hope, happiness and family fill this story that belongs in a collection of stories of immigrants who overcame immense struggles to reach the shining beacon of liberty, the United States.

Marek’s father, Stanislaw, was born in 1912, in the rural parts of Poland. A love for nature and an understanding of its importance led him to obtain a college degree in Forestry & Wildlife and earn a prestigious position maintaining a wildlife preserve, Marek told me. He also related that “military service in Poland at that time was also mandatory and Stanislaw was a Lieutenant in an anti-aircraft battalion.”

As all might remember, because it was the event that was one of the most pivotal in human history, on September 1st, 1939, the Nazi army invaded Poland, setting off a chain of events that led to 75 million deaths, the invention of nuclear weapons, and America’s emergence as a superpower. As Marek said during our discussion, “Hitler’s intention was to eliminate all Poles, both Jewish and Christian. Poles were referred to by Nazis as subhuman. Hitler’s command was to kill ‘without pity or mercy all men, women, and children of Polish descent or language'”

Marek said, “Poland, assuming the Soviet Union would remain neutral, deployed troops to the western front to confront the Nazi assault. On September 17, 1939, the Red Army invaded Poland from the east.” Stanislaw answered the call to duty, and his battalion was tasked the job of defending the Polish President’s train out of the country.

When the President, Władysław Raczkiewicz, reached France, Stanislaw duties were over and the battalion dismantled. Evading the Germans invading while in the east, and the Soviets invading while in the west, Stanislaw had to walk home, careful not to attract too much attention to himself.

As he was still in his officer’s uniform, a Polish farmer with a huge heart ran out courageously into the road and warned Stanislaw that the Soviets were rounding up Polish officers and executing them on the spot. The farmer gave him a change of clothes that he put on and then he continued to walk home.

As the darkness enveloped over the land, the silence broken only by Stanislaw’s footsteps and the drone of war planes every so often overhead, Stanislaw walked. However, he ended up being caught by the Soviets. He denied that he was a Polish officer, so instead of being executed on the spot, Stanislaw was sentenced to hard labor at a Siberian gulag while 22,000 of his fellow Poles were executed in the forests of Katyn.

The grueling train ride to the labor camp took weeks for Stanislaw. Marek told me, “When the train arrived at the gulag, one of the Poles challenged a guard by saying ‘you can’t treat people this way.’ The guard drew his pistol and executed the man with a bullet to the head. The guard then turned to the rest of the Poles and said ‘any other complaints?’”

The labor camp Stanislaw was delegated to worked the over 10,000 Poles and many others to produce gold, nickel, tin and lumber, pushing them to the point that only 583 survived.

After Hitler’s daring invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, Stalin let the Polish prisoners of war go with the intent that they would fight the Nazis. Stanislaw made the trek to the Middle East to rejoin the Polish Army, which was now serving as part of the British Army.

At the end of the war, Poland was annexed to the Soviet Union and because of this Stanislaw became a refugee in England. This man had the courage to be able to not return to Poland because it was no longer free. He had to leave behind his homeland, his heritage, but a brighter future was only possible if he lived the American Dream. He became a refugee to England, where, as the Brits celebrated the turning of a New Year in 1947, he met a fellow Pole named Halina.

Halina and Stanislaw's Wedding Photo

Halina and Stanislaw’s Wedding Photo

Halina’s story is just as intriguing as her significant other and just as important. Halina, Marek Tyszkiewicz’s mother, was born in 1927, the daughter of a World War I veteran, and a mother who died when Halina was an infant. Her father remarried, and the family lived on a piece of land given to her father in return for his service to Poland. It almost seemed to be perfect, living in the Poland countryside, until the month of September in 1939, when Poland became a battleground between the Germans and the Soviets.

In 1939, when Halina was 12-years-old, her family received a late-night knock on the door, accompanied with an order that the family leave the house. Her family, which besides herself included her father, her stepmother, and two brothers, rode a boxcar train to a labor camp in Siberia, now prisoners of the Soviet Union. As the fall turned to winter, the temperature dropping, freezing physical objects, the feeling in Europe also turned to winter, where not just physical things were frozen, but souls too.

When the family reached the labor camp, a difficult choice had to be made. There were two options for children ages 9-14. They could be like all the adult laborers and conduct physical labor, earning them a food ration. The other option was for them to get an education, but that came with no food ration. Though an obviously hard choice, Halina’s father decided to send her to school.

This is evidence that Halina’s father probably believed that freedom would triumph over oppression in the end and that education for his daughter would be necessary when the war came to a halt. Making difficult choices instead of cowering away, and the belief in the necessity of education, both still shines through generations later in his grand-son, Marek.

Even though Halina could not supply her family with her food ration, she definitely still pulled her weight to support them. While in the camp, she carried water from the river (Marek told me that if she spilled any, it froze instantly), cooking the meals the best she could from the meager rations, and washing the dishes and clothes by hand. Due to disease spreading like wildfire in the labor camp, she made sure to wash everything the family used very well. She worked even through being frost bitten, her hands and feet slowly ending their ability to be used, her eyesight failing.

Halina's Citizenship Photo

Halina’s Citizenship Photo

When Stalin was pressured by Churchill into releasing Polish prisoners to fight the Nazis in 1941, Halina’s family was free. The suffering, the toiling under the oppression of the Soviets, was over, but Halina’s personal suffering was not nearly over. She was almost to the point of death, so weak, suffering the effects of untreated disease and frostbite. Her family was desperately finding somewhere that they could get her healed.

 

Marek told me, “Her father had heard of an agency in Iran that was accepting orphaned children. He knew Halina was near death and would not survive long without help. He declared her an orphan and sent her on the back of a Red Cross truck to the Persian city of Isfahan. Near death when she arrived, the Iranians saved her life and the lives of countless other Polish children. In Poland even today, Isfahan is known as the City of Polish Children.”

Sometimes we forget that as much as we are different than some places, we still share a lot in common.

When Halina was 14, when she was recovering in the Iranian orphanage, she overheard that a group of nuns were opening a school for young refugee girls in Palestine. Halina was overjoyed and immediately agreed to join the endeavor. Marek said that “living in Palestine was Halina’s happiest childhood memory.”

This peaceful time was soon to end, however. In 1947, after the horrors of the Holocaust, the newly-formed United Nations announced plans for separate Palestinian and Jewish states. Violence broke out, fracturing along ethnic and political lines that still exist today, and Halina, along with other refugees, was shipped off to Britain.

In Britain, in a former British Army base turned Polish refugee camp, Halina and Stanislaw met among the cheers and new optimism of New Years 1947. As the world began to move to the future, where the threat of fascism was replaced by communism, so did the newly-married Polish couple. America was the beacon of freedom that they looked to after suffering so much, sad that Poland was no longer free, but optimistic that life in America would offer much more.

Marek said that the transition to American life was easier for them than others because they lived in England first and learned English before coming to America. “People often said my mother spoke the ‘Queen’s English.’ My father had a much heavier accent and it definitely wasn’t the Queen’s English,” Marek said.

Marek and His Parents

Marek and His Parents

The couple pursued the American Dream to its fullest, but understood that it would only come with hard work. Stanislaw became an employee of the Department of Transportation, helping to put into reality, among other things, Eisenhower’s interstate program. Halina worked second-shift in a factory, and when they had saved enough money, they purchased an 80-acre farm. Marek recalls planting over 500 trees a year on the farm, slowly but surely turning it from a farm into a nature preserve, just as Stanislaw had wanted to do in Poland.

As Marek grew up in America though, his first language was Polish. He actually learned English thanks mostly to watching PBS, probably learning it from the compassion of Fred Rogers or the inventive program that still teaches children today, Sesame Street.

Marek said that the greatest thing that he remembers about his father is the fact that he always wanted more for his children than he had. Marek told me that his father was frugal, with the kids wearing hand-me-downs and that they never took vacations, but that the money Stanislaw saved was used to put all four of his children through college. The greatest thing he remembers of his mother was her compassion. Marek said, “Family was everything and she made it clear that family came first and trumped everything else. She was the matriarch of the family.”

Through his parents suffering at the hands of oppressors, but finding hope and freedom in America, has made Marek Tyszkiewicz the man he is today. Though both Stanislaw and Halina are gone, their legacy lives on through their son, Marek.

Marek, now a modern American business man, is a staunch believer and protector of the American Dream due to his parent’s journey. Raised to value the freedom he has in America, he is a man that dreams to protect the American people in Congress.

In a time that cynicism seems to rule our society and politics, Tyszkiewicz honors his parents as a shining beacon for hope, in striving to get things done for the best of the American people so that all can continue in the American Dream.

Read my first article on Marek Tyszkiewicz.

Visit Marek Tyszkiewicz’s Website.

 

 

Talon Series #1: First Interview With James Boschert On His Life Stretching From Malaysia To The Mideast

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James Boschert

James Boschert, the author of the Talon Series (Assassins Of Alamut, Knight Assassin, Assassination In Al Qahirah, and Greek Fire) is joining us today for an interview. We will have this interview focus on he as a person, and then I will be reviewing his Talon Series, and finally we will have a closing interview focused on the books and his writing to end the blog post series.

Welcome James Boschert to Seize The Moment today for our first interview. How are you?

Hello Nassem, I am well. Good to talk to you. I appreciate the time you are taking for this interview.

I love foreign policy and affairs, and you have lived all over the world, which fascinates me. I hope to follow a path in foreign affairs to reach the Presidency, and so I am eager to learn more about you and your life. Let’s jump right in!

You were born in Malaya when it was a British colony. I understand that while you were there, in the early 1950’s, the Chinese Communist Insurgency was fighting the British in an early example of guerrilla warfare. You also narrowly escaped an ambush after your school was burnt down by the CCO, being saved by Gurkhas. When you look back on this time, do you try to forget its horrors, or do you embrace it as a learning experience?

I recall that the jungle was somewhat menacing because the Chinese were there and we did hear a lot of bad stories so there was a kind of wariness wherever you went between the British and the rest of the people.Odd as it may seem I don’t remember being frightened too much although on one or two occasions it was exciting! During the ambush I was tossed into a crude dirt ditch on the bank side if the road and was there on my hands and knees in two inches of dirty water watching everything with wide open eyes. The Gurkhas were very busy blazing away into the jungle on both sides of the road but the man who interested me most was the Bren gunner who was just ten feet up from me. So I paddled up to him and before anyone could stop me I was standing just behind him peering over his shoulder as he crouched in the same ditch and fired bursts into the jungle below. He was a typical Gurkha, fighting was in his nature so he glanced back at me and began to laugh and called over to his mates. Then the others noticed and laughed too. My mother was having fits further down but she had a pistol out and I am really sure she was not new to this kind of thing, she had been in France during the war and got tangled up with the resistance.The main impression I came away with from that encounter was the sheer excitement, the smell of sweat, the shouting and the sound of the gunfire and the lazy curve of the red tracer from the Bren gun as it went into the jungle below. It was all over within a few minutes after that and we were escorted home.

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I know that you feel British, but was it difficult living thousands of miles from London? I know that for much of the time you were there it was British-controlled, but was there really a major English population among the people?

No the British population was not large. It consisted mainly of Rubber estate managers who were bumped off quite regularly by the CCO with most of the rest being professionals such as lawyers, doctors and people like my father who worked for the government in agriculture. There were of course a lot of soldiers about. There is no doubt that the British enjoyed a privileged status in the colony of Malaya but unlike Africa this country had a King (Agong) and a Sultan in nominal charge of each of the states. Hence the British were very careful to work with these people so that at least the illusion was maintained that the Malays were in charge. I barely knew the UK so this was home. I played with Chinese, Malay and Indian children who lived around our own home which was a large bungalow. These were the more wealthy people it is true but the Ama ( the maid servant who looked after the children) the Kaboon ( the gardener) and the cook were Malay, Tamil and Chinese respectively. We colonial brats were always respectful to them or…we got punished by our parents.

You joined the British Army at age 15, as still a very young man. Was this in accordance with rules, or did you sign up earlier than you were supposed to? Also, did your experiences discussed in question 1 influence your application to the British Army?

When my father was sent home from Malaya because it declared Merdeka (Independence in 1958) he bought a sheep farm in Wales. I put up with the silly, wet and wooly animals for as long as I could but I was ruined. I didn’t like the cold wet gray country . I was spoiled by the sun and color of Malaya you see. Despite the dangers there it was home. I thought the Army might be a good place to start and yes it was legal then. The British Army understood full well the advantage of training boys. While they know every trick in the books as to how to get out of fatigues duties they become very good soldiers.

As a soldier, you first were posted in your birthplace of the now nation of Malaysia. We in the West often do not here about that region of the world, other than currently because of Missing Flight 370, which took off from Kuala Lumpur. Did you encounter many of Malaysia’s diverse cultures while stationed there, and were these different than other soldiers who did not grow up there?

Bit of an irony that wasn’t it? Straight back to the country where I had grown up. Yes because I spoke Malay and felt perfectly comfortable there. The soldiering was new and Borneo was shall we say interesting as we lived rough for months on end the we would come back to Penang which was like a paradise. In 1964 the country was just about finished with the CCO( Chinese Communists) although we did go into the jungle to look for them on occasion in the north east remote areas of jungle where tigers lived. Malaya was a fairly sleepy country with the Malays in charge , the middle class and professionals were mainly Chinese with a sprinkling of Indians. It was an uneasy relationship that on occasion went very badly for the Chinese when the Malays decided that they wanted to put them in their place. There were a mix at the bottom of Chinese coolies and Tamils who did all the hard labor, building and roads. Malays are Muslem of the Sunni kind but it was a fairly benign form of Islam and very tolerant of other faiths in the country but that has begun to change unfortunately.

The economy depended almost entirely on the Tin mining and rubber plantations but also the industrious Chinese who ran most of the businesses and were quite determined to send their children to other countries like Britain and America for education. Lawyers and doctors. The Sultans played polo and the Agong or king ruled for five years after which one of the other sultans assumed the role. Oil had not been discovered as yet.

You then served in Oman, which wasn’t part of the British Empire but was heavily influenced by it. How did this experience differ from your previous one in Malaysia?

Oman was really my first experience of the Middle East and it was quite a change from the jungle war in Borneo and we had to get used to a different way of fighting. The British were there because Yemen was experimenting with Communism and our old friends the Chinese communists were there making a nuisance of themselves. So this was all about a very small force of Brits (Who were officially not there ) lending a hand training and help to an Omani force that was really tribesmen who were fighting for the Sultan. It got hairy at times because the tribes were on both sides of the border. One could not always be sure. One of our missions was called “Heart and Minds” where we would go into a village and help with medical issues and with wells. The country was firmly back in the 16th century and the young sultan wanted it to change. The Communists would come in at night and intimidate the villagers. In the end the Omani had enough trained men and the Iranians came along to help. It was there that I learned that goats are the best spies a village has. The Chinese and Russians packed up, went home and left Oman alone. It was a success from that point of view.

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I understand that you then spent time in the Middle East, in countries including Lebanon, Israel, and Iran. Do you think that society in the West has misconceptions when it comes to this region, especially Iran? Were there any times where you experienced “culture shock”?

I think that if I had not grown up in Malaya I might have suffered from culture shock but in the main I was pretty adaptable. One of the reasons I was kept out there might have been because I liked it on the main. I hated going back to the UK so I stayed. There used to be a huge variety of cultures in that whole region. Lebanon I remember with fondness. It is a beautiful country and everyone got along despite their religious differences. Israel was fascinating because the people there were Kibbutzim and this was their home. These people in the main had no quarrel with the Arab people but were equally determined to keep what they had. I think it was here that I began to appreciate how many shades of gray there are in the region known as the Middle East but that extends to Iran and Afghanistan too. Nothing is simply black or white and it is naive to think so but sadly many people in the west do just that and as a result confuse things causing real damage in the process. I became quite fascinated with the history of the entire region, The Arab culture, Persian, Byzantine and all in between and believe that if you know the middle ages i.e. 11th-12th century history it gives one an insight into the place today. Not an awful lot has changed in some ways.

Your passion for the hashshashins (assassins) came during your time in the Middle East,visiting the old castles in the Alborz mountains. How did you first find out about the assassins, and what about them peaked the interest you obviously have for them?Have you been back at any recent time?

That is a good question. I found a book called the Castles of the Assassins by Freyda Stark and realized that I was very close to the very mountains where they were located. The Alborz you mentioned. I was with a tank battalion in a town called Ghazvin which is about 150 miles north west of Teheran. I obtained a good map and set out on my time off to find them. The hospitality of the villages which I had to walk through because the jeep couldn’t always get there was wonderful. I visited all of them. Semiral, Alamut, and spend the night on top of the rock of Alamut. During the night which was warm and starlit I woke up to hear a terrible wailing and rattling from up the valley. My hair must have stood on end. The noise came rushing down the steep valley and swept over me then rattled and wailed off down the valley. I didn’t sleep another wink and the next day the Rais of the village asked me rather pointedly if I had slept well. I told him about the wind and he gave me a half smile and said “Ah the ghosts of Mayan Diz came to visit you.” I subsequently discovered that the Mongols had slaughtered a great number of Hashashini or Ismaili in a location called Mayum Diz not too far off after they invaded Iran. No I have not been back since sadly but I think sometimes it is not always the best thing to do.

When the Iranian Revolution of 1978 (mainly known in the US for the Iranian Hostage Crisis) really picked up steam, you escaped from Iran. What did that entail, and did you find it unfortunate to have to leave, especially as the country was being taken over by radicals?

I had been in Shiraz when the riots began and then the revolution started in earnest. I was told by a man whom I admire to this day and will never forget, General Esphandiary, the garrison commander of Shiraz, that the revolution was going to happen and that I should get things sorted in Teheran and then leave the country. He told me that it would be a bloody one and was no place for me. I heard much later that he had been shot. Then it became a scramble for a lot of Europeans to leave but I got to Teheran after the last planes had left and that meant an overland treck for me. As a British soldier I would not have had a good time of it and in fact several of my colleagues were imprisoned. I got out across the Turkish border just south of Tabriz. That too was interesting.

After all of this, you became an engineer. What sector of engineering did you specialize in, and what caused you to take that path?

I had few options open to me when I got back to the UK. I could have gone to Rhodesia or Angola, they were looking for ex soldiers like me. Then a tiny ad caught my attention and I went to a college where I signed up and from there it was a total change of life and one that I never regretted. Few of my friends came back from places like Angola. I became a mechanical engineer but here in America that can become an adventure in of itself. I eventually became a program manager and worked on some very cool projects over here. It was a good move.

What do you consider the greatest place you have lived? Do you still travel often? Any that have inspired future book ideas?

I would still be living in Iran had there not been a revolution I really didn’t want to go back to the cold and the wet. I was moved about the whole region from Lebanon to Afghanistan and related to it entirely. I could have passed as an Irani or Pashtoon and spoke Farsi so it was where I wanted to be. No I don’t travel very much any more. I like Arizona, in some ways it resembles that region…arid, mountainous. It is America for me now without question.

We will be discussing Mr. Boschert’s writing in our next interview, after reviews of the Talon Series come. Thank you Mr. Boschert for answering these questions so informatively and with such fervor. I look forward to our next interview!

I want to thank you Nassem for your thoughtful questions. I have enjoyed this interview a great deal.

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James Boschert~ Author Of Talon Series
James Boschert grew up in the then colony of Malaya between the ages of four and eleven. The Chinese communists were active in the jungles at the time threatening the entire country with a cruel insurgency. His school was burned down and the family survived the ambush of a food convoy, saved by a patrol of Gurkha soldiers. He joined the British army as a boy soldier and later served in remote places like Borneo, Oman and other countries of the Middle East, eventually spending several years in Iran. While there he explored the castles of the infamous sect known as the Ismaili or Hashashini. It sometimes took a few days hard walking or driving to find these remote deserted fortresses high in the mountains of the Alborz in northern Iran. They eventually became the subject matter for his first book “The Assassins of Alamut” Escaping from the turmoil of Iran during the revolution he went to college and now lives in the USA.

He has developed a fascination for medieval history in general but in particular the history of the Middle East, Andalusia, Egypt and all the way to India. His books are historical novels about the medieval history of the same region but seen from both perspectives, that of the Crusaders and the Muslim world. “I believe that in order to put some depth to the Crusades one needs to look at what was going on all around them at the same time. I find the world at that time incredibly rich in every aspect.”

“The four legs of civilization as we have recorded it, Andalusia, Europe, Byzantium and the old empires of Persia and the Islamic world of Syria and Egypt make a rich backdrop for any novel.”
The politics and under currents of the Middle East continue to hold my attention as they are always in flux and are never still.”

Visit James Boschert’s Website.
For More Information On The Talon Series: James Boschert’s Talon Series

An Interview With Author Jermel Shim Including Jamaica, President Obama, and His Writing

I recently reviewed Jermel Shim’s Whom God Has Blessed, Let No Man CurseI now have an interview for you that I have done with Mr. Shim.

Hello Jermel, Welcome To Seize The Moment. How are you?

Hello Nassem, I am fine, thanks for inviting me and giving me the opportunity to do this interview.

You were born in Jamaica. I am interested in the Jamaican culture, and so could you tell us a bit about growing up there? Does your belief in equality come from any injustice you saw there? Jamaica became a sovereign nation in 1962, so do you have any memories of when you were very young of British colonization of the island?

 I have very fond memories growing up in Jamaica with people who cared about each other and with friends, relatives, and plenty of outdoor activities. Back then there were no social or political problems to worry about – life was wonderful.

The Jamaican culture includes a diverse group of people that reflects its history as a British colony. With a population of just over two million people, the largest group are of African descent, with a smaller percentage of Chinese, Asian Indians, Lebanese or Middle Eastern, and whites. This diversity is reflected in the national motto “Out of many one people.” The large black population originated from slavery and after the abolition of slavery, Asian Indians came to Jamaica to work as indentured servants on the sugar plantations. Later Chinese people who were working on the construction of the Panama Canal came to Jamaica after the canal was completed.

Despite the diversity of the Jamaican population, Jamaica has not experienced any significant conflict along racial lines. During the time of the British colonization when I was growing up, there were complaints about lighter complexioned Jamaicans getting employment preference over darker complexioned Jamaicans in banks and other governments agencies. That practice changed after Jamaica gained its independence from Britain in 1962.

Although social class bias exists, there were no real issues with equality or social injustice like you have in the US. This does not mean these problems did not exist but certainly not to the degree where they became social and political issues. Class bias used to be an issue with Jamaicans being conscious of class status. Many Jamaicans held people in the upper class with high esteem and as a result, the elected political leaders and government ministers were usually members of the upper class. That has since changed in recent years where Jamaicans from various social backgrounds now hold political office.

During colonialism, the British influence manifested itself in various aspects of Jamaican culture. For example, I was educated in the public schools with English textbooks. The high school exams were administered from England. We observed the traditional English holidays and we played English games like cricket, soccer, and netball. The political and judicial systems remain the same as the British system.

Jamaica today like many Third World countries faces economic, social, and political challenges. Because of these challenges, some older Jamaicans who have lived through the British colonial system believe that Jamaica was more disciplined and better off under the British system

For a small nation Jamaicans have excelled and gained international recognition in athletics (Usain Bolt and Shelly-Ann Fraser – two times Olympians), reggae music (Bob Marley), The Voice champion (Tessanne Chin), a Spelling Bee champion, and many others in other fields.

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Did growing up in Jamaican culture influence the faith component in your book Whom God Has Blessed, Let No Man Curse? I know there is a Christian following in Jamaica, but what inspired your Buddhist Eight-Fold Path component?

 Yes, as a child growing up in Jamaica I was raised by a white Englishman who was very religious and a deacon in the local Congregational Church. I attended Sunday school every Sunday and studied the Bible as part of my preparation for Bible examination that was administered island wide by the executive administrators of the Congregational Church.

During my early adolescent life, I became interested in Indian spiritual knowledge that came from gurus. I even remember going to a meeting held by a guru who came to Jamaica. I also was interested in Transcendental Meditation (TM) and yoga. At the time, these things provided a different perspective of life and understanding of mind consciousness. Following this, I began reading series of book by Lobsang Rampa. His books were primarily about Tibet and their Buddhist customs. Lobsang Rampa books like Wisdom of the Ancients and The Third Eye influenced my life and gave me a whole new perspective on religion and other social issues.

 

Jermel Shim's Pappy

William “Pappy” Shout, Jermel Shim’s Adopted Father

I understand that you were an engineer for 29 years with 2 different companies. What sector of engineering did you specialize in. Did you ever draw up technical documents, satisfying your love of writing, at least during your career?

 I studied mechanical engineering at Queens University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada where I obtained a bachelor’s degree.

During my career, I worked in various engineering groups that included mechanical engineering, procurement engineering, and field engineering (working in nuclear power plants doing modification work to plant systems or equipment). Working in these different engineering areas, I consider myself as a generalist engineer rather than a specialist who worked in a single engineering area.

The assignments that I worked on included preparing procurement and installation specifications, prepared technical reports, reviewed engineering drawings, prepared systems descriptions, calculations. With my last employer, I worked mainly in design control engineering for the company’s nuclear power stations. Specific tasks included preparing several design control procedures and standards that governed the design change process, and technical reports to support the maintenance and modification of power plant equipment and systems.

My love of writing made it easy for me to enjoy doing technical writing. My experience in engineering and technical writing equipped me with skills to be analytical and research oriented. These skills have helped me tremendously in my new career as an author.

 

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Jermel Shim’s First Book

4. While we are talking about your penmanship of technical documents during your career, did you find it challenging to change from a technical writer to nonfiction?

It was challenging because with technical writing you have to be specific and precise to communicate effectively. You also need a good technical knowledge of the subject and a good understanding of the technical jargon.

With nonfiction, you also have to write with clarity and preciseness. However, there is more freedom for creativity and style. The challenge for me was to try to break out of the mindset of expressing myself as a technical writer. I hope I am making progress in doing this with my books and articles.

In your author bio, it stated that you have voted in every presidential election since you   became a US citizen in 1988. What in you fueled this love of exercising the right that we are all entitled to as humans in a time when many do not?

I have a great love for the political process and this love along with the right to vote is a good opportunity to participate in the political process. I believe it is the civic duty of every citizen to vote. In a democratic society, we elect people to govern us. The failure to exercise the right to vote and elect the right people often results in poor governance. I understand that the political process can sometimes cause people to be cynical or delusional about voting. However, voting is a significant right that a citizen has, and I believe people should use it in all elections.

When was the first time that you heard of Barack Obama? What about him made you realize that he is a “blessed” man?

The first time I heard of Barack Obama was when I watched the 2004 Democratic convention on TV. He was one of the keynotes speeches and I remember his eloquent and powerful speech about “We are not a red state, we are not a blue state, we are Americans.” His charismatic personality and eloquence made me recognize that he was going to have a bright future in politics. However, I certainly did not envision that he would be a prospective presidential candidate.

After reading a few books about President Obama I was convinced that he was a special man who was destined to become president. What convinced me was the many challenges he faced during his childhood, his early political career, and then in his first term going into his second term. What struck me about his relationship with his mother was that as a child she never told him anything negative about his father despite the bad relationship she had with him. To me this is a blessing for him.

Later on in his political career up to the time of being elected president, he was able to overcome many challenges- some of course historical and related to race. These challenges include events that occurred and could have thwarted his political career and his presidency.

Being able to overcome the obstacles and challenges he encountered – sometimes with unexpected events occurring at the opportune time to help him – made me realize that he was a blessed man. His other blessings include his remarkable ability to treat even his detractors with respect and understanding. In my book, Whom God Has Blessed Let No Man Curse, I describe in detail some of the characteristics that only a blessed person could have. We shouldn’t forget also that his name Barack means blessed.

Your book is in defense of President Obama, and that his detractors will never succeed. Do you believe that he many become one of the greatest Presidents to ever serve our nation?

I do believe President Obama is destined to become one of the greatest presidents. We may not see him get this honor in our lifetime. However, when the historians look at what he was able to accomplish as president despite relentless attack on his character, and obstruction of his policies throughout his two terms, people will recognize that it was amazing that he was able to perform his presidential duties and accomplish the things he did.

His accomplishments during his two terms include implementing the first health care law that many presidents before him failed to do. Other accomplishments included rescuing the economy that was on the verge of collapse when he took office in 2008, signing the Equal Pay Act, and many other things that he has done hardly gets any recognition. It is unfortunate that because of the crusade by the right to destroy him he does not get the credit he deserves. I believe historians will vindicate him and recognize his legacy as that of a great president.

In a time when, as I experience it on almost a daily basis and will for the rest of my life as a minority, racial separation and discrimination is at almost an all time high, so what is the civil rights issue that needs to be undertaken in our time now?

America still struggles with racial problems and a lot of work needs to be done to fix these problems. I was optimistic that with the historic election of President Obama in 2008, America was on a path of transcending its racial past and becoming a more racially tolerant country. Unfortunately, there are some people who do not like President Obama and by their actions, behavior, and words want to maintain racial dominance and inequality.

I believe all people should live freely and without having to bear the burden of racial inequality. Racial inequality was the civil rights issue of the 60s and although progress has been made since that time, it remains the civil rights issue today. Great effort is still needed to pursue a process of racial understanding, tolerance, and reconciliation. Only when these things are accomplished will people respect each other and treat each other fairly.

I understand that you are married. Could you tell us a little more about your family, and where your greatest support comes from?

I have been married to a wonderful woman since 1972. I met my wife when she was a nursing student in Jamaica and since that time, we have enjoyed our accomplishments and cope well with our disappointments. We have two grown children – a son who is a jazz musician and a daughter who is a psychiatrist. My greatest support comes from my wife and my children.

What are your current writing projects, including books and other literature?

Currently, I am working on my third book, A New Perspective on Racism – Issues with Morality, Spirituality, and Other Social Problems. I hope to get this book published this fall. I also write political articles for my website blog.

Thank you so much Mr. Shim for allowing me to interview you. I enjoyed having you here, and I look forward to our new friendship to grow. Thank you.

 Thank you Nassem, it was a pleasure doing this interview with you.

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Jermel Shim- Author

Jermel Shim is a retired mechanical engineer who has launched a new career as an author. Writing is not a new experience for Jermel. In his professional engineering career, he authored many technical documents. In his new career as an author, he has faced the challenge of switching from a technical writer to a nonfiction writer.

Born in Jamaica, Jermel was educated at Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, where he graduated in 1979 with a Bachelor of Science degree in mechanical engineering. Following his graduation, he moved to the US, where he began an engineering career spanning 29 years with two major engineering companies – Gilbert Commonwealth in Reading, Pennsylvania and Dominion Resources, Inc., in Richmond, Virginia. He has voted in all Presidential elections since becoming a citizen in 1988.

Buy Whom God Has Blessed, Let No Man Curse from Amazon.

Visit Jermel Shim’s Website.